TEMPE, AZ | PHOENIX, AZ
Unleash the True Power of Your Motor
At Apex Customs Phoenix, we are a full-service custom automotive shop offering a wide range of car, truck, and SUV services to create the custom ride you've always dreamed of. We understand that a truly custom ride requires a number of upgrades to build a complete package and one of the most important aftermarket upgrades to your vehicle is a performance upgrade. We offer a wide variety of engine performance upgrades that will take your ride to the next level. The skilled technicians at our Phoenix custom automotive shop can sup up your ride with a number of engine performance upgrades from Cold Air Intakes and Exhausts to engine performance tuning.
When it comes to engine performance upgrades, it's important to select a shop that understands the full scope of what's required to improve the horsepower, torque, and responsiveness of your ride. Engine performance is about matching the right parts to the right application. Whether you're just looking for a little more responsiveness and aggressive sound or looking to add 200 horsepower, we have the expertise and experience to help you effectively plan, source, and install the components that will get you to your desired result.
Complete Engine Builds
Cold Air Intakes
At Apex Customs Phoenix, our technicians will give you the full package. We will provide you recommendations for the best parts and services for your goals and install them with professional accuracy. We'll help you to choose the best overall set of upgrades that will work to complement each other for the performance you desire.
Engine performance services for Phoenix, Scottsdale, Mesa, Tempe, Glendale, Gilbert, Chandler and surrounding areas in Arizona.
Engine Tuning Service
Engine tuning is one of the most important upgrades you can perform when you're looking to improve the performance of your vehicle. When car manufacturers develop the engine parameters used by the computer to control the fuel, air, and exhaust timing of your vehicle, they limited by regulations that require them to stay within specific limits. Additionally, they program their engine control models with the understanding that the vehicle will be operating in a wide range of climates, driving habits, and driver preferences. As a result, there is often a significant amount of potential engine performance that is left on the table. An engine control module tune will help you unleash that additional horsepower and torque.
Another factor that makes an engine tune an important upgrade to include in your performance upgrade package is, engines are finely tuned by the manufacturer to exact specifications of the parts installed when the car is assembled. Any time you swap out or change factory parts to aftermarket performance parts, it's critical that you update the parameters the engine's computer uses to calculate air/fuel ratios and ignition timing. If you don't tune your vehicle after swapping out factory parts for performance parts, you not only leave potential power on the table and ruin your fuel mileage, you risk serious irreversible damage to your engine.
The engine control module also referred to as the ECM or ECU, is responsible for calculating the amount of fuel to squirt into the piston chamber to produce the ideal combustion required for a motor to produce power. In addition to fuel calculations, the ECU controls the timing of the ignition spark produced by the spark plugs to ignite the air/fuel mixture in the combustion chamber. In order to make these calculations, the ECM relies on a series of mathematical tables combined with data feedback it receives from the oxygen sensors which measure the motors exhaust from the combustion process and mass air flow sensors which measure the amount of air that comes into the motor through the intake system.
When you modify parts like the intake system with a cold air intake, the exhaust with a header system or performance exhaust, or add a forced air induction system like a supercharger, the data stored in the mathematical tables of the ECU are no longer accurate. This confuses the engine control module as it expects to read certain fuel richness from the oxygen sensors in the exhaust based on it's anticipated calculations. When the engine control module see's inaccurate reads, it will compensate by using more or less fuel than is necessary which results in rich and lean scenarios which will damage parts like your catalytic converter, pistons, and engine block and as results in an underperforming engine that wastes fuel and reduces power.
Cold Air Intake Installation
A cold air intake is an aftermarket performance upgrade you can install on your car, truck, or SUV to increase the horsepower and torque of your motor. Short Ram Intake, Mega Ram Intake, Cool Air Intake, Cold Air Intake, Aftermarket Intake, CAI, and cone intake are some of the common terms used for this engine performance modification, but they all come down to the same basic idea: Remove your overly restrictive stock (factory) air box and filter and replace it with an aftermarket system.
A motor produces power by taking air (oxygen), mixing it with a combustible fuel, and introducing an ignition spark to produce power. By increasing the amount of air flow into your motor, you can correspondingly increase the power output by the combustion process. Adding additional fuel to the combustion process is easy, all you have to do is install larger injectors and/or change the programming of your vehicles ECU. Increasing air flow in your motor is more challenging which is where a cold air intake comes into play.
A cold air intake system increases airflow into your motor by dropping the temperature of the air sucked into the motor. Colder air, is denser air which results in more oxygen within a smaller volume of air. More oxygen in the combustion process means more power. Another benefit of cold air intakes comes from the reduction in air flow resistance. Cold air intake manufacturers have gone to great lengths to remove any restrictions to airflow throughout the intake piping. The interior of the piping in a cold air system has been polished and ever turn in the piping has been tuned to reduce air flow resistance. Cold air intakes also decrease air turbulence within the piping which also improves airflow and volume into the combustion chamber.
The most common strategies aftermarket cold air intake manufacturers utilize to improve air flow through a CAI are: increasing the diameter of the air intake filter and piping, smoothing the interior of the intake to reduce air resistance, providing a more direct route from the air source to the engines intake manifold, using a more efficient and less restrictive air filter, and tuning the length and curves in the intake piping to provide maximum airflow at certain engine speeds.
When it comes to increasing airflow into a motor to improve performance, there are many options. Superchargers, turbochargers, and cold air intakes all increase airflow resulting in increased horsepower and torque. Of these options, a cold air intake is an easy and affordable solution to implement without overly impacting your fuel consumption. CAI’s are a cheap alternative for improved performance when you have the money or time to invest in a major engine modification like a turbo-charger. They are also a critical component to support other modifications such as a turbocharger, supercharger, and performance exhaust system. If you plan on doing a larger upgrade, a cold air intake is a great modification to start with now that will also support your larger engine performance modifications later.
Benefits of Cold Air Intakes
What is a supercharger?
Starting from the early days of Henry ford and his motorized horse carriage, automotive enthusiasts, engineers, and speed junkies have been searching for ways to increase the power output of the internal combustion motor. The first attempts at increasing power was to simply place a larger engine in the vehicle. However larger engines aren’t always practical, they typically cost more to build and maintain, weigh more, and are difficult to fit into the engine bay of a vehicle.
Thankfully there is a better way to add power to your engine that will not only add ponies and rubber melting torque, but will improve the efficiency and provide you instant on power. You can accomplish more power by simply forcing more air into the combustion chamber which when supplemented with a little more fuel, is a recipe for the neck snapping power you’ve been dreaming of.
Forced induction is without a doubt the best way to improve the horsepower and torque of your car, truck, or SUV. Forced air literally supercharges engine performance by compressing the air flowing into your motor resulting in dense, oxygen rich air in the air/fuel ratio. This allows the motor to burn more fuel and due more work, which results in increased horsepower and torque.
There are two types of forced induction upgrades that can add boost to your motor to increase power. The first is a turbo charger which utilizes a turbine spun by the exhaust gas from the combustion process to compress the incoming air. The second forced air induction upgrade is a supercharger which is driven mechanically by a belt, gear, shaft, or chain which is connected to the engine’s crankshaft. As the crankshaft turns on a motor, the mechanical connection to the supercharger in turn turns a series of screws in the supercharger which compress the air that is sucked in through the induction system.
How Does A SuperCharger Work?
The typical four-stroke motor dedicates one stroke to the process of air intake. As the piston moves down in the combustion chamber, a vacuum is created which sucks air into the chamber at atmospheric pressure. Once the air is drawn into the motor, it is combined with fuel to form a charge which is a packet of potential energy which can be transformed into useful kinetic energy through the chemical reaction known as combustion. A spark plug is used to “spark” or initiate the combustion process which is essentially a chemical reaction. As the fuel is oxidized in the process, a good amount of energy is released which in turn drives the piston down and creates a reciprocating motion on the crankshaft which is eventually transferred to the wheels.
In order to boost the performance of your engine, you essentially need to create a more powerful explosion in the combustion changer. Unfortunately, you can’t just add more fuel to the combustion mixture for a more powerful explosion, you need more oxygen to go along with it. Combustion requires a 14 part to one part fuel mixture which means you need a larger volume of oxygen in your mixture to create a more powerful explosion. The bottom line for an engine performance upgrade is you need more air for more power.
Enter the supercharger. A supercharger will increase the oxygen levels in your engines combustion chamber by compress the air drawn in through the intake system to above atmospheric pressure without creating a vacuum. By compressing the air, the supercharger is providing a “boost” through the use of addition air and fuel added to the combustion charge. On average, a supercharger will add an average of 45% more horsepower and 30% more torque to your car, truck, or SUV.
Superchargers, unlike turbocharger, utilize the mechanical power created by the crankshaft to drive the air compression screws. Connected to the crankshaft through an accessory belt or chain, the supercharger contains an internal compression gear with rotors to compress air into a smaller space before discharging it into the engine’s intake manifold. The benefits of a supercharger over a turbo charger is it’s instant power characteristics. Because the compression blades are connected to the crankshaft, the second a combustion takes place, the screws of the supercharger are turned. A turbocharger in contrast relies on the exhaust gases exiting the combustion chamber to spin the internal compressor which results in a delay before the compressed air enters the combustion chamber. This is often referred to as “turbo lag”.
To pressurize incoming air properly, a supercharger compressor screw must spin more rapidly than the engine itself. This is accomplished by utilizing larger drive gears than the compressor gear which allows superchargers to spin at speeds as high as 50,000 to 65,000 (RPM). A supercharger compressor that spins at 50,000 RPM translates to a boost of approx. six to nine pounds per square inch. Atmospheric pressure at sea level is 14.7 psi, therefore the typical boost created by a supercharger equates to approx. 50% more into to the engine.
When a supercharger compresses the intake air coming into the motor, the air gets hotter causing it to lose its density. Lack of density results in less expansion during the ignition. In order for a supercharger to work at peak efficiency, the compressed air created by the supercharger needs to be cooled. Air cooling in a supercharger is accomplished through the use of an intercooler. An intercooler comes in two basic designs, air to water intercoolers and air to air intercoolers. Both intercooler designs work exactly like the radiator in a car where cool air or water is sent through a series of pipes and tubes to cool the air. As the hot, compressed air exits the supercharger and encounters the cooler pipes, it cools down resulting in increased air density before entering the combustion chamber.
Performance Exhaust Installation
Considering a performance exhaust system? Most car, truck, and SUV manufacturers leave a good amount of room for improvement when it comes to horsepower and torque. Vehicle manufacturers are subject to laws and regulations that require the cars, trucks, and SUVs they manufacture are compliant in every market they are sold in. Additionally, manufacturers have to factor in production costs that could drive up the sticker price of a new car and they need to design cars which are attractive to all potential customers. With some minor modifications to your stock vehicle parts you can boost engine performance gaining valuable horsepower and torque.
An aftermarket performance exhaust system is one of the first upgrades car enthusiasts turn to in order to free up some of the power in your motor. A performance exhaust will provide a fast and more efficient path for the exhaust gases to escape your engine. When you motor can breathe better, the engine control module is able to push more fuel and air into the combustion chamber which results in more power and responsiveness when you hit the gas pedal.
When considering an aftermarket performance exhaust system, one key feature to look for is mandrel bent tubing. There are two primary methods used when bending exhaust piping to fit your vehicle. The most common method used due to its lower costs is the “crush-bend” technique. The problem with this method is it creates crinkled areas in the pipe which not only decrease the diameter of the pipe but also produce possible restrictions in exhaust flow. This increases back pressure in the exhaust system which results in a reduction in power and fuel mileage. The second and more expensive method for bending exhaust piping to fit a vehicle is called “mandrel bending”. Mandrel bends are smooth so the pipe remains a consistent diameter throughout the exhaust system. Additionally, mandrel bent tubing eliminates potential exhaust flow restrictions from kinks and ripples in the piping.
Types of Aftermarket Exhaust Systems:
Axle-Back: Replaces the exhaust system from the rear axle to the muffler and has the least effect on performance and fuel economy.
Cat-Back: A cat-back exhaust system replaces the stock exhaust system from the catalytic converter back to the muffler, and has a moderate effect on fuel economy and engine performance.
Header-Back: A header-back exhaust replacement completely removes your stock components and replaces them with aftermarket options. This has the greatest impact on performance and fuel economy.